Mechanicsburg, Ohio

Mechanicsburg is a village in Champaign County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,644 at the 2010 census.

Mechanicsburg was platted in 1814. The village was so named for the fact a large share of its settlers worked as mechanics. By 1833, Mechanicsburg’s industries included two stores, a gristmill and a saw mill. Mechanicsburg was incorporated as a village in 1834.

During the antebellum years, because of its location on a tributary of the Ohio River, Mechanicsburg was used as a station on the Underground Railroad. The „conductor“ Udney Hyde (1808-1887) is credited with helping more than 500 fugitive slaves on their way to freedom.

Mechanicsburg is located at (40.074483, -83.557759).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.02 square miles (2.64 km2), of which, 1.01 square miles (2.62 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water. It is located on Little Darby Creek, a tributary of the Scioto River, and, ultimately the Ohio River. Fugitive slaves made their way cross-country when escaping from Kentucky.

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,644 people, 598 households, and 403 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,627.7 inhabitants per square mile (628.5/km2). There were 671 housing units at an average density of 664.4 per square mile (256.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.4% White, 1.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 598 households of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the village was 35.5 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.2% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 13.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 52.3% male and 47.7% female.

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,744 people, 705 households, and 473 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,699.4 people per square mile (653.7/km²). There were 761 housing units at an average density of 741.6 per square mile (285.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.59% White, 0.92% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.29% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 705 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the village the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $33,385, and the median income for a family was $42,368. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $24,453 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,685. About 10.3% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.

The public is served by Mechanicsburg Police Department and the Mechanicsburg Division of Fire and EMS. The police department is a full-time department. The fire department is a combination of career, part-time paid employees and volunteers.

Local children attend the schools of the Mechanicsburg Exempted Village School District.[citation needed]

Mechanicsburg is home to a rich history. Annually Mechanicsburg celebrates many holidays, which are sponsored through the efforts of Our Towne Mechanicsburg.

Maple Grove Cemetery is the center of Memorial Day activities. The annual Summer Celebration is the second Saturday of July to commemorate Independence Day, including a parade, live music, and fireworks. Christmas in the Village is the second Saturday of December.

Korrelasjon medfører kausalitet

Korrelasjon medfører kausalitet, på latin cum hoc ergo propter hoc er en feilslutning som er vanlig i statistisk analyse. Feilen består i å forveksle korrelasjon med årsakssammenheng.

Tilfelle A inntreffer på gitte premisser.

Tilfelle B inntreffer på like eller liknende premisser.

Altså må A forårsake B.

Det er mulig at A forårsaker B, men det kan også være andre forhold og variabler som påvirker både A og B. Det kan for eksempel være et tilfelle C som påvirker både A og B slik at disse korrelerer. Det er også mulig at hele sammenhengen er fullstendig vilkårlig.

Jo flere storker det er i et område, desto flere barnefødlser skjer der per familie, altså må storken komme med ungene

Dette er et reelt eksempel, basert på en dansk undersøkelse. Her er det et forhold C som spiller inn. Det er nemlig ofte slik at familier på landet har en tendens til å få flere barn enn familier i byene. Det er også på landet storkene stort sett oppholder seg.

Jo flere brannmenn som deltar i brannslukking, desto større blir skaden. Altså fører flere brannmenn til mer skade

Dette eksempelet er lett å forstå. Jo verre brannen er, jo flere brannmenn blir sendt for å slukke den. Større branner påfører også mer skade enn små branner.

Jo flere politifolk i en by, desto mer kriminalitet. Altså fører flere politifolk til mer kriminalitet.

De fleste vil nok mene at en mer nærliggende forklaring er at myndighetene har ansatt flere politifolk for å møte kriminaliteten. Det kan selvsagt ikke utelukkes logisk at politiet opptrer slik at kriminaliteten øker, eller at den målte kriminaliteten stiger på grunn av hyppigere statistiske føringer av politiet, mens den reelle både kan muligens synke og øke.

Tekst A kom før tekst B. Tekstene er så like at det ikke kan være tilfeldig. Altså er tekst B plagiat av tekst A.

Det kan ikke utelukkes at begge forfattere har latt seg inspirere av samme tekst C. Ved vurderinger av om studenter har fusket, kan det være avgjørende: Selv om det sjeldent regnes som faglig kredibelt å skrive for nøyaktig av en kilde man har opplyst om (C), er det et helt annen normbrudd å skrive av en tekst man ikke har oppgitt som kilde.